Resources to help you implement good food purchasing strategies

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Local Economies

Emerging Local Food Purchasing Initiatives in Northern California Hospitals

Study on the local food purchasing impacts at Northern California Hospitals, highlighting hospitals' commitment to serving healthy and local food in healthcare food service

Supplier Diversity Economic Impact Report

Harvard Pilgrim Health Care demonstrates how purchasing from diverse suppliers triggers a ripple effect of economic activity throughout the supply chain

Harvesting Opportunity: The Power of Regional Food System Investments to Transform Communities

Report highlights models for cross-sector collaboration to advance financial security for low- and moderate-income households and communities

Local Food Impact Calculator

Tool estimates the impact of local and regional food projects on the surrounding economy

New York City’s State Food Purchasing Guidelines

Guidelines to incentivize City agencies to purchase foods from in-state producers and growers, including requirements for solicitation language and requesting sourcing information from vendors

Full Assessment of a Central Food Processing Facility For Washington, D.C.

Study evaluates the feasibility and benefits of a central food processing facility to expand the purchase of regional products by District institutions and businesses

Denver’s Food Vision 2030

Denver’s strategic plan to build a more inclusive, vibrant, healthy, and resilient city includes a goal to purchase 25 percent of institutional food from Colorado producers by 2030

Denver’s Food System Baseline Report

2016 report outlines the state of Denver’s food system and identifies opportunities to support regional food system development

Washington, D.C. Healthy Schools Act of 2010

Policy establishing a fund to incentivize D.C. public schools to purchase healthy and local foods

Austin’s 2018 State of the Food System Report

Austin Office of Sustainability’s progress report on strengthening the local food system and improving access to nutritious food

Alachua County Comprehensive Plan: Facilitation of the Local Food Economy

Plan identifies the need for greater emphasis on local food policy and programming as a key economic growth strategy

Minneapolis Public Schools Farm to School Toolkit

Case study on how Minneapolis Public Schools buys fresh, sustainably-grown produce from small and medium-sized local farmers

The Benefits of Farm to School

National Farm to School Network’s fact sheet of the research-based benefits of farm to school programs for students, parents, schools, communities, and farmers

The Life Cycle of a Minority-Owned Business: Implications for the American Economy

Study on the positive economic impacts of investing in minority-owned businesses, including generating more jobs and economic activity for communities of color

Land Policy: Towards a More Equitable Farming Future

Report on the importance of land access for farmers and ranchers, offering policy solutions to both eliminate inequities in land ownership and access and support farm viability and ownership transition

Equity, Accountability & Transparency

All In Cities Toolkit

PolicyLink’s toolkit provides local leaders and community coalitions with policy ideas, data, and strategy support to build equitable cities for all

Contracting for Equity: Best Local Government Practices that Advance Racial Equity in Government Contracting and Procurement

Government Alliance on Race and Equity (GARE) report outlines a clear approach to increasing equity within government contracting and procurement

National Equity Atlas: Racial Equity Index

Tool identifies key equity issues and provides solutions and goals for closing racial gaps

Los Angeles County’s Antiracist Policy Agenda

County establishes antiracist policy agenda and tasks the Executive Director of Racial Equity with confronting institutional racism and bias in policies

City of Los Angeles Good Food Purchasing Policy

Resolution committing city agencies to enroll and participate annually in the Good Food Purchasing Program

Washington, D.C’s. Local Equity, Access, and Preservation Funds

D.C.’s fund invests in locally-owned businesses, including food businesses, with an emphasis on historically underserved and disinvested communities

Washington, D.C.’s Racial Equity Achieves Results (REACH) Emergency Amendment Act of 2020

D.C. City Council’s Act establishes an Office of Racial Equity to promote interagency collaboration toward achieving the District’s racial equity goals

Washington, D.C.’s 2021 Food Policy Council Priorities

Food Policy Council identifies three priority areas, including encouraging institutions to purchase from local food producers, with a focus on producers of color

Los Angeles Food Policy Council’s Good Food for All Agenda

Food Policy Council identifies priority action areas including expanding the Good Food Purchasing Program at County institutions

Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future's Food Policy Resources

Food policy resources, including academic literature, how-to guides, and strategic plans, aimed at all levels of government

Leveling the Fields Policy Brief

Union of Concerned Scientists’ and HEAL Food Alliance’s recommendations for policies that address longstanding structural and institutional racial injustices to build equitable, sustainable, and resilient food systems

True Cost of Food Report: Measuring What Matters

The Rockefeller Foundation outlines the true cost of food, including impacts on health, the environment, biodiversity, livelihoods, and more

Boston City Council Good Food Purchasing Program Ordinance

Boston ordinance codifying the City's commitment to the Good Food Purchasing Program with specific commitments to transparency and public review

Procurement Path to Equity

Aspen Institute and Open Contracting Partnerships explore the role of local procurement in building more economically and socially just communities

HEAL Food Alliance Platform for Real Food

Ten-point policy platform serving as a call to action and a political compass to transform the current food system into one that nourishes community health, economic well-being, and environmental sustainability

Purchasing Power: How Institutional “Good Food” Procurement Policies Can Shape a Food System That’s Better for People and Our Planet

Union of Concerned Scientists’ report shows how Los Angeles Unified School District's adoption of the Good Food Purchasing Program has brought multiple benefits to Los Angeles and the surrounding areas

Legal & Policy Strategies for Health Care & Food System Partners

Resources for health systems, local governments, and community organizations working at the intersection of health equity, health care & food systems

City of Austin Comprehensive Plan

Plan promotes local foods and nutritious food access as strategies to build sustainable and healthy communities

New York City Good Food Purchasing Assessments & Action Plans

Participating New York City agencies publish their Good Food Purchasing Program assessments and action plans to foster public engagement

Washington, D.C. Public Schools Good Food Purchasing Program Report

D.C. Public Schools leaders share metrics and learnings from Good Food Purchasing Program assessments to engage the community in action planning

How Are San Francisco Schools Doing on Their Commitment to Better Food?

SPUR’s summary of San Francisco Unified School District’s Good Food Purchasing Baseline Assessment, highlighting the district’s commitments to locally-produced and nutritious foods

Austin City Council Food System Plan Resolution

Council recommendations for improving Austinites’ access to fresh, healthy, and affordable food

2020 Austin School Garden Report

Report identifies equity barriers in school garden program implementation and development and offers solutions to help maintain and sustain school gardens

Austin Travis County Funding for Food and Equity Recommendation

Food Policy Board recommends the City of Austin and Travis County support and fund an equitable and inclusive food system plan that is developed through an transparent process

Good Food Purchasing Initiative of Metro Chicago’s 2020 Annual Report

Report covering the implementation and progress of Cook County and the City of Chicago’s adoption of the Good Food Purchasing Program

Cook County’s Good Food Purchasing Initiative

Led by Chicago Department of Public Health, Cook County Department of Public Health, and the Chicago Food Policy Action Council, the Good Food Purchasing Initiative works to ensure that institutional food purchasing advances an equitable, healthy, fair, local, humane, and sustainable food system

Chicago’s Food Equity Agenda and Council

Chicago’s Food Equity Agenda establishes a Food Equity Council to bring transparency, accountability, and cross-sector collaboration to create an equitable local food system

City of Gainesville’s Imagine GNV

Initiative engages community in City’s Comprehensive Plan process with an emphasis on reducing racial disparities

Food Systems Coalition of Greater Gainesville

Coalition engages local stakeholders to improve food access, justice and sustainability within the regional food system

The Economic Impact of Closing the Racial Wealth Gap

Report from McKinsey & Company quantifies the impact of closing the racial wealth gap between Black and white families and identifies key sources of socioeconomic inequities

CAFOs: Plaguing North Carolina Communities of Color

Sustainable Development Law & Policy’s research and findings on the negative impacts of CAFOs on vulnerable, economically disadvantaged communities, calling for stronger CAFO regulations from the federal and state governments

Diet-Related Disparities: Understanding the Problem and Accelerating the Solutions

Research explains how diet is a key contributor to disparities in many chronic diseases and conditions between various segments of the population, including racial and ethnic groups

Racial, Ethnic and Gender Inequities in Farmland Ownership and Farming in the U.S.

Study explaining the racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in farmland ownership and farming and the lack of comprehensive data on farmland ownership

Alameda County Good Food Purchasing Resolution

Alameda County resolution adopting the Good Food Purchasing Policy and Pledge, mandating that the Alameda Sheriff’s Office and the Probation Department complete baseline and annual food purchasing assessments

Escondido Union School District Good Food Purchasing Resolution

Resolution committing the district to enroll and participate annually in the Good Food Purchasing Program

Austin Independent School District Good Food Purchasing Resolution

Resolution committing the district to enroll and participate annually in the Good Food Purchasing Program

Cincinnati Public School District’s Good Food Purchasing Policy

Policy committing the district to enroll and participate annually in the Good Food Purchasing Program

District of Columbia Public Schools Good Food Purchasing Policy

Amendment to the Healthy Schools Act of 2010 committing D.C. Public Schools to enroll and participate annually in the Good Food Purchasing Program

Cook County Good Food Purchasing Resolution

Resolution committing Cook County agencies to enroll and participate annually in the Good Food Purchasing Program and establishing a Good Food Purchasing taskforce led by the Cook County Department of Public Health

City of Chicago Good Food Purchasing Resolution

Resolution committing city agencies to enroll and participate annually in the Good Food Purchasing Program

Oakland Unified School District Good Food Purchasing Policy

Resolution committing the district to enroll and participate annually in the Good Food Purchasing Program

San Francisco Unified School District Good Food Purchasing Policy

Resolution committing the district to enroll and participate annually in the Good Food Purchasing Program

Los Angeles Unified School District Good Food Purchasing Policy

Resolution committing the district to enroll and participate annually in the Good Food Purchasing Program

Animal Welfare

Covid-19’s Impact on Attitudes Toward Industrial Animal Agriculture

ASPCA report reveals increased awareness and concern about the impact of intensive animal farming on both animal and human well-being

ASPCA Farm Animal Welfare Certification Guide

Guide for farmers and businesses to help understand the meaning and value of animal welfare certification programs

Colorado’s Egg Production and Sales Regulation

Colorado bans the use of battery cages for egg-laying hens and requires all eggs sold to come from cage-free farms

The Facts About Factory Farms

Humane Society's article explaining the negative impacts of factory farming on animal, human, and environmental health

ASPCA Shop with Your Heart Tool

Toolkit for consumers, advocates, and businesses interested in investing in high animal welfare products, policies, and practices

Edible Queens: New York City P.S. 244 Plant-Based Menu

Coverage of Public School 244 in Flushing after becoming the first in the country to offer completely vegetarian breakfast and lunch menus

Meat Free Monday Impact Calculator

The Darwin Challenge's interactive tool that calculates the animal, human, and environmental impacts of implementing meatless and dairy-free days

The Science of Animal Behavior and Welfare: Challenges, Opportunities, and Global Perspective

United States Department of Agriculture’s research on animal welfare science, explaining the impacts of farming animals on animal, human, and environmental health

A Comparison of the Welfare of Hens in Battery Cages and Alternative Systems

Humane Society’s study on the negative effects of battery cages on egg-laying hens, which represent a inherent welfare disadvantage compared to any cage-free production system

Dairy Cows Value Access to Pasture as Highly as Fresh Feed

Study examining the importance of pasture access for the wellbeing of dairy cows, showing cows are highly motivated to gain access to the outdoors

Protecting Farm Animals: Animals on Factory Farms

ASPCA’s explanation of how each species suffers on factory farms, with suggestions on welfare-certified and plant-based product alternatives

Environmental Sustainability

Farming Our Way Out of the Climate Crisis

Project Drawdown's report highlights the impact of food systems, agricultural practices, and land use on the climate and outlines ways to reduce agricultural emissions

Roadmap to an Organic California

Report explains benefits of organic farming as evidence-based solutions to solving economic, environmental, and social challenges

Meatless Mondays at New York City Institutions

New York City Health + Hospitals, Department of Education, Department of Homeless Services, and Department of Corrections’ commitment to participate in Meatless Mondays

Meatless Monday Resources

The Center for a Livable Future toolkit provides technical assistance and resources to help institutions implement Meatless Monday campaigns

Sustainable DC 2.0

Washington, D.C.’s sustainability plan includes food goals that leverage food policy to build a healthier, more equitable, and sustainable food system

Friends of the Earth Resources

Food and agriculture resources including reports, case studies, and policy sign-on letters to advocate for the health of people and the planet

Austin Climate Equity Plan

City Council plan highlights food purchasing as a key strategy to equitably reach net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2040

Pesticide Risk Tool

Tool estimates the risk of negative impacts of pesticide applications to help reduce adverse effects and improve environmental stewardship

Understanding Organic: Connections to Action in the Garden Classroom

Classroom-based curriculum that explores organic agriculture, including a social action project to enact justice-oriented change

Scaling Up Healthy, Climate-Friendly School Food

Friends of the Earth's publication highlights food service departments that are implementing healthy, cost-effective, climate-friendly food service solutions

Balanced Menus: A Pilot Evaluation of Implementation in Four San Francisco Bay Area Hospitals

Evaluation of Balanced Menus, a program that seeks to improve community health and environmental sustainability by reducing meat purchasing

OneNYC 2050: A Livable Climate

Section of New York City’s Green New Deal describing commitments to achieve carbon neutrality, including cutting beef purchases by half to reduce the City’s carbon and water footprint

The Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) Study

Longitudinal birth cohort study of pesticides and other environmental exposures among children in a farmworker community in California, shedding light on the connection between critical environmental exposures and health

ReFED Insights Engine

Tool calculates the social and environmental impacts of food waste and offers sector-specific solutions for food waste reduction

Florida Pesticide Drift Policies

Regulations on pesticide use to mitigate the negative farmworker health impacts of substantial pesticide drift exposure

Cool Food Pledge Calculator

World Resources Institute tool helps Cool Food Pledge participants set and track food-related greenhouse gas emission reduction goals

City of Los Angeles’s Green New Deal

City’s sustainability plan identifies food purchasing as a central strategy for reducing environmental footprint

California Pesticides and Pest Control Regulations

California restricts pesticide use near schools to protect children and communities from toxic exposure.

Los Angeles’s Meatless Monday Resolution

City Council’s resolution promotes plant-based diets as a strategy to protect public health, animals, and the environment

Meatless Monday Resources

The Monday Campaigns resources designed to help foodservice providers, hospitals, and K-12 schools introduce and promote Meatless Monday

Creating a Sustainable Food Future: A Menu of Solutions to Feed Nearly 10 Billion People by 2050

Report on the opportunities and policies for cost-effective scenarios to meet food, land-use, and greenhouse gas emissions goals while alleviating poverty

Washington, D.C.’s Green Food Purchasing Amendment Act of 2020

City Council establishes targets for measuring and reducing greenhouse gas emissions from institutional food purchasing

San Francisco’s Good Food Purchasing Ordinance for Hospitals and Jails

San Francisco’s Department of Health and Sheriff's Department Good Food Purchasing Policy prioritizes reducing the City’s carbon and water footprint by implementing plant-forward menus

Shrinking the Carbon and Water Footprint of School Food

Friends of the Earth study showcases Oakland Unified School District’s cost-effective meat and dairy reduction strategies

Organic School Food: San Francisco Unified School District Case Study

Case study shows how the school district leverages local and federal partnerships to provide organic milk, meat, and produce to students

California Department of Pesticide Regulation Chlorpyrifos Ban

California bans the sale and use of chlorpyrifos, a commonly-used pesticide, citing links to serious health effects in children and other sensitive populations

Organophosphate exposures during pregnancy and child neurodevelopment: Recommendations for essential policy reforms

Study highlighting the negative health impacts of widespread use of organophosphate pesticides, particularly relating to children’s risk of neurodevelopment disorders

County of Los Angeles’s OurCounty

County’s sustainability plan identifies the Good Food Purchasing Program as a central strategy for reducing environmental footprint

Valued Workforce

A Dime A Day: Increasing Minimum Wage for Farm and Food Workers

Report concludes that minimum wage increases would result in a significant pay raise for food workers with a very minimal increase in food prices for consumers

Essential and in Crisis: Public Health Threats Facing Farmworkers

Report provides information on working conditions during the Covid-19 pandemic and opportunities and challenges to reducing health impacts of farm work

Essentially Unprotected: Report on Farmworker Health Laws and Policies Addressing Occupational Risks

Research from The Food System Worker Law and Policy Project focuses on farmworkers, who face disproportionate occupational risk compared to most other workers

Farm to Table Vermont’s Strategic Plan: Workforce Development Goals

Plan outlines goals to increase locally-owned food businesses and provide safe, welcoming jobs with livable wages

City of Los Angeles’s Vendor Code of Conduct

Code of Conduct mandate for vendors, including a “No Sweat” policy to ensure city vendors do not employ child or sweatshop labor

New York’s Farm Laborers Fair Labor Practices Policy

State policy grants collective bargaining rights, workers' compensation, and unemployment benefits to farm laborers

California Pesticide Illness Query

California’s database of reported pesticide illnesses is used to identify pesticide exposure incidents in order to protect workers and others from the adverse effects of pesticide exposure

No Piece of the Pie: U.S. Food Workers in 2016

Food Chain Workers Alliance’s report addresses the challenges faced by food chain workers and makes policy and practice recommendations to combat poor working conditions, below-average wages, and discriminatory and abusive practices

Washington D.C. Living Wage Ordinance

District sets citywide non-tipped minimum wage to $15 per hour with incremental increases over time

San Francisco Citywide Minimum Wage Ordinance

San Francisco sets city and county minimum wage with corresponding increases tied to Consumer Price Index

Food System Policy, Public Health, and Human Rights in the United States

Review concludes that current food systems policies, including lack of sufficient occupational safety standards and enforcement, are unsustainable

Estimates of the Potential Costs and Benefits of Extending Overtime Pay Eligibility to All Farmworkers in Massachusetts

Study finds implementing fair labor standards like overtime pay could provide meaningful benefits to farmworkers while not financially burdening farm owners or consumers

Unlawful Employer Opposition to Union Election Campaigns Report

Report highlights unlawful tactics used by U.S. employers to hinder worker efforts to form unions and collectively bargain, and outlines actions policymakers can take to restore and strengthen workers’ rights

Colorado Agricultural Workers' Rights Policy

Colorado policy grants collective bargaining rights, workers' compensation, and unemployment benefits to farm laborers

Illinois’ Limited Cooperative Association Act

Act legally recognizes worker cooperatives to provide more pathways for workers to maintain control of their businesses

The Farmworker Association of Florida

Association working to build power among farmworker and rural low-income communities to be effective agents of social and personal change

Agricultural Justice Project: Food Justice Certification

Gainesville-based Agricultural Justice Project certifies growers who guarantee safe and fair conditions for agricultural and food system workers

Unions Help Increase Wealth for All and Close Racial Wealth Gaps

Center for American Progress analysis illustrates how unions increase wealth for all households and help close racial wealth gaps through increased wages and benefits

Lives on the Line: The High Human Cost of Chicken

Research conducted by Oxfam on poultry workers in the United States, including interviews with poultry workers and calls to action for the country's largest poultry companies

How Economic Democracy Impacts Workers, Firms, and Communities

Findings from a national survey of workers in worker cooperatives that explores the impact of workplace democracy, identifies opportunities for future research about how workers cooperatives can promote resilience and racial equity

Acute Pesticide-Related Illness Among Farmworkers: Barriers to Reporting to Public Health Authorities

Article reviews the barriers farmworkers face in reporting acute occupational pesticide-related illness to public health authorities and provides practical solutions to better inform and protect farmworkers

Historic Certification for First Farm Workers Union in New York State

Coverage of the unionization of agricultural workers at Pindar Vineyards who are certified to join Local 338 RWDSU/UFCW

Economic Policy Institute's Unions and Labor Standards

Economic Policy Institute's coverage on factors that affect American work lives, including unpaid overtime, wage theft, the minimum wage, immigration laws, and collective bargaining rights

Health and Nutrition

National Health Expenditure Accounts

Report from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services estimates U.S. health care spending, which accounted for 17.7 percent of GDP in 2019

Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT–Lancet Commission Report

Report addressing the need to feed a growing global population with a healthy and sustainable diet.

Healthy Eating Plate Guide

Harvard Chan School of Public Health guide for creating healthy and balanced meals while addressing deficiencies in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s MyPlate program

Healthy Food Service Guidelines: Impactful Strategy for Promoting Health in Institutions

Guidelines demonstrating healthy food service strategies that can change institutional food environments and improve some measures of diet quality and community health

Health and Environmental Impacts of Food

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences journal article describes how dietary choices are a leading global cause of mortality and environmental degradation

Making Progress on Added Sugar Toolkit

Resource guide with information on added sugars in food and beverages, including institutional sugar policies, pouring rights contracts, and added sugar warning labels

Tufts Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy Healthy Food Guide

Guide helps consumers map food choices to alleviate confusion about what "eating healthy" means in practice

U.S. Healthcare Costs from a Global Perspective

Report finds the U.S. spends more on healthcare than any other high-income country yet has the lowest life expectancy

Food Systems Dashboard

Tool combines food system data to identify and prioritize ways to sustainably improve diets and nutrition across the globe

Healthy Foods for Denver’s Kids

Ordinance uses tax revenues and establishes Denver Food Commission to provide healthy food and food-based education to children

New York City’s Office of Food Policy Food Metrics Report

Report outlines the City’s plans to improve community health, including offering more fruits and vegetables at schools and workplaces citywide

New York City Department of Education Processed Meat Ban

Resolution banning processed meats from being served in public schools to ensure schools offer healthy food choices while also helping the environment

Making the Case for Healthy, Freshly Prepared School Meals

Center for Ecoliteracy demonstrates the academic, health, environmental, and financial benefits of high-quality and appealing school meals

Central Texas School Garden Network

Coalition of individuals and groups interested in using onsite edible and habitat gardens to improve student health outcomes

Assessing the Potential and Limitations of Leveraging Food Sovereignty to Improve Human Health

Study exploring how shifts toward more sovereign food systems have the potential to impact human health

Chicago Public Schools’ Wellness Policy

Policy includes Good Food Purchasing Program as a strategy to reduce health-related barriers to learning

Chicago Parks District’s Health and Wellness Policy

Policy prioritizes healthy food procurement, in compliance with the City’s adoption of the Good Food Purchasing Policy, to ensure only the most nutritional and healthy foods are being provided to park users

Alachua County Community Health Improvement Plan

Plan identifies healthy food access and Good Food Purchasing as priority strategies for improving community health

Culinary Institute of America's Resources for School Food Service

Resources, best practices and training protocols for implementing healthier and more environmentally sustainable school food, developed by the CIA Healthy Kids Collaborative

Industrial Food Animal Production and Community Health

Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future’s report on the hazards and negative community health impacts of industrial food animal production on human health outcomes

Understanding Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFO) and Their Impact on Communities

National Association of Local Boards of Health’s research and findings of the community and environmental health impacts of CAFOs, with recommendations for local boards of health to mitigate the impact that CAFOs have on community health

New York City Food Metrics Report 2020

Overview of institutions’ efforts to provide food to communities across the city, highlighting the progress the City is making towards building a resilient and equitable food system

Who pays for public employee health costs?

Study analyzing the linkages between health benefit cost growth and growth of total compensation for public employees

Learn about more ways to advance good food policies in your community.